Pakistan’s Kashmir policy has been a failure because it is based on false moralistic arguments. Pakistan has no international support because its internal structure, where a rogue army controls everything and has been very duplicitous in its policies towards terrorism. It has tried to run with hares and hunt with hounds. Pakistan army has used terrorists as a strategic assets in both Kashmir and Afghanistan. Everybody in the world easily sees through this.
PM Bajpai reached out to Pakistan in Lahore diplomacy and offered soft borders, both in Kashmir and Punjab but Pak army would have none of it. India’s lurch towards Hindutva is a direct result of that.
Until Pakistan becomes a normal state, it will stay in the international purgatory that it has been stuck in. And time is not on its side.